China has incarcerated at least 1 million Uighurs in camps reeducation camps in its western Xinjiang region. The mass internment is framed by Beijing as a war on extremism, but it has been widely denounced as an attempt to stamp out Uighur culture and Islam and replace it with devotion to President Xi Jinping and the Communist Party.
Shimizu has not been in direct contact with Tursun, who now lives in the United States with her two surviving children But the artist says she was inspired after hearing about the repression of the Uighurs and then hearing Tursun’s story.
“I thought, ‘What can I do?’” she said. “I started drawing cartoons 20 years ago, and I thought, ‘I can do manga.’”
It begins with Tursun’s marriage in Egypt five years ago, and of the birth of healthy triplets.
In 2015, Tursun she flew to her hometown in China with her triplets to see her parents. “But as soon as I arrived at Urumqi airport, I was handcuffed and put a dark sack over my head,” the manga quotes her as saying. “My triplets were separated from me.”
Tursun says she had “no idea” what she was supposed to have done wrong. “Of course I didn’t commit any crime.”
She says was interrogated and tortured with electric shocks, before eventually being given the dead body of her eldest son. All three children bore scars of being operated on in their neck areas, she said — a doctor told her this was done to insert feeding tubes.
Soon after being released, Tursun was detained again and taken to a crowded prison camp, where she was repeatedly beaten and deprived of sleep.
“During day time, we had to pray to the Chairman of the Communist Party to live long, and sing songs hailing the communism,” she said. “They forced us to take different kinds of unknown pills and have injections every single day.”
Tursun was sent to a mental hospital after losing consciousness during a beating and then released a second time, only to have two Chinese cadres living in her home, eating her food and following her everywhere. She was soon detained a third time, forced to wear an orange prison uniform and told to prepare for her death in prison.
Finally, only because her children hold Egyptian citizenship, she was released to take them back to that country.
But, in a cruel twist, 26 of her relatives were then detained by the Chinese government, and she was told they will only be released if she returns to China within two months, she said.
Shimizu first heard about China’s treatment of the Uighurs on news show on a TV documentary, and her first manga on the subject in May was called “No one will say the name of that country.”
In it, she described the destruction of mosques, the establishment of a surveillance state, the disappearance of young men, the ripping apart of families as internment camps are established — and finally the arrest of one woman for daring to call her land “East Turkestan,” a term used by Uighur separatists to refer to Xinjiang.
That manga brought her to the attention of Uighurs living in Japan, and she heard Tursun’s story at an event organized by Amnesty International and Meiji University.
Shimizu says her manga has had some coverage in Japanese media but not much, with one scheduled television appearance canceled at the last minute. Similarly, she says several editors are keen on publishing the manga, but she has been told publishers are reluctant.
She suspects self-censorship and business ties with China make the story a little too sensitive for Japan’s cautious, corporate media and publishing industry.
“I know it is tough for mainstream television networks, but I just want ordinary people to know about this situation and think about it,” she said. “This is not about some poor people in a remote country, I want people to see this as an issue relevant to Japan. These Uighur people were also living an ordinary life, just like us.”
Tursun’s story ends with her returning to Egypt, only to find her husband had followed her to China to look for her — and been arrested and sentenced to 16 years in prison. Even after getting U.S. asylum, Tursun said she has been pursued and harassed by Chinese agents.
Tursun testified before the Congressional-Executive Commission on China and appeared at the National Press Club in Washington in November 2018.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry disputes her version of events, saying she was taken into custody “on suspicion of inciting ethnic hatred and discrimination” but was only held for 20 days before being released. Chinese officials said she was never sent to a “vocational education and training center,” as Beijing calls the camps.
It also denied that one of her sons died in hospital in Urumqi, suggesting he had been taken to Turkey and entrusted to the care of a relative, calling her account “a lie fabricated with ulterior motives.”
“My oldest son who passed away will not come back no matter what,” Tursun says in the manga’s closing pages. “So I gathered my courage and decided to tell the world what happened to me.”
Akiko Kashiwagi contributed to this report.
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